Word “atrocity” means offence punishable under Section 3 of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. Section 3 of the Act deals with the offences against members of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe by any person, who is not a member of a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe.
- Expressions Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are not a caste within the ordinary meaning of caste. Scheduled Castes and Tribes are descriptive of backwardness. It is the aim of our Constitution to bring them up from handicapped position to improvement. No Court can come to a finding that any caste or any tribe is Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribes. Scheduled Caste is a caste as notified under Article 366(25) of the Constitution of India.
Generally, a public site is one that is owned or leased by the Government, the municipality (or other local body), the gaon sabha, or a State instrumentality, and not by private individuals or private corporations. The location must be designed for public use or access. By any stretch of the imagination, a private structure cannot be considered to be intended for public use or to be open to the public. The location in question falls under the definition of “public place” as defined in Section 43 of the Act.