Maintenance Pendente Lite and expenses of proceedings:
During pendency of the matrimonial case, this is a maintenance relief under Hindu Marriage Act (HMA) where either the wife or the husband who has no sufficient independent income for her/his support, upon filing the application for maintenance, the applicant can get maintenance and litigation expenditure. This provision is under Section 24, Hindu Marriage Act.
Explanation of Section 24, HMA:
When it appears to the court in any proceeding under this HMA, either the wife or the husband, has no independent income sufficient for support and the necessary expenses of the proceeding, upon filing an application, the court may order the respondent to pay to the petitioner the expenses of the proceeding. And to pay to the petitioner monthly during the proceedings such sum as the court deems it fit, having regard to the petitioner’s own income and the income of the respondent.
Permanent Alimony and Maintenance:
Under Section 25, HMA, upon filing the application before a court of competent jurisdiction by either the wife or the husband, it may, at the time of passing any decree or at any time thereafter, order that the respondent pays the applicant a gross sum, or a monthly or periodic sum, for her or his sustenance and support for a time not exceeding the applicant’s life, having regard to the respondent’s and applicant’s income and other property.