Cyber security is a problem for every government in the world, including our own. India, in particular, is dealing with an increasing number of cyber security challenges, and it is vital that it accepts responsibility. Cyberlaw is significant because it encompasses nearly all elements of transactions and activities on and with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and Cyberspace. At first blush, the Cyber laws may appear to be a highly technical stream with little relevance to normal Cyberspace operations. The fact, on the other hand, is that nothing could be further from the truth. Cyberspace has a certain legal implication, whether we recognize it or not.
Cyber-attacks cost the government roughly Rs. 1.25 lakh crore every year, according to a recent Economic Times research on global cybercrime. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), throughout 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010, a total of 217, 288, 420, and 966 cybercrime crimes were reported under the Information Technology Act, 2000. In addition, 328, 176, 276 and 356 charges were filed under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. Between 2007 and 2010, 154, 178, 288, 799 people were arrested under the Information Technology Act of 2000. Between 2007 and 2010, 429, 195, 263 and 294 people were arrested under sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) dealing with cybercrime.
According to another study by Kaspersky, the number of cyberattacks in India jumped from 1.3 million to 3.3 million in the first quarter of 2020. In July 2020, India had the most number of attacks, at 4.5 million. MasterCard was recently sanctioned by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for failing to comply with a directive on the storage of payment system data.
The internet’s dangers are practically endless, and the most efficient way to combat them is to adopt a cyber security policy. The government needs to commit significant resources to the protection of critical data assets. A cyber forensic training lab has been established at the Central Bureau of Investigation’s (CBI) Training Academy to provide basic and advanced training in cyber forensics and cybercrime investigation to CBI Police Officers. In addition, cyber forensic training and investigation labs have been established in Kerala, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur, and Jammu and Kashmir by the government.
Cyber Forensic Labs have been established in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Pune, and Kolkata in conjunction with the Data Security Council of India (DSCI) and NASSCOM. A total of 3680 police officers, judges, and public prosecutors have been trained as a result of the DSCI’s 112 training programs on cybercrime investigation and awareness.
The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) produces alerts, advisories, and guidance on cyber security threats and the steps that should be done to prevent cyber incidents and improve the security of IT systems.